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ADJECTIVES: INTRODUCTION

You are here: morphology > adjectives

The adjective is a variable part of a speech (that changes form) which qualifies and specifies a noun.
The adjective combines with a noun and, usually, it takes the gender (masculine or feminine) and the number (singular or plural) from the noun itself.

In Italian there are 3 families of adjectives which are different for their FORM:

  • Adjectives with 4 exits ( called 'aggettivi a 4 uscite' -O for singular masculine, -A for singular feminine, -I for plural masculine, -E for plural feminine )

    Example:
    "Bello, bella, belli, belle."

  • Adjectives with 2 exits ( called 'aggettivi a 2 uscite' -E for singular masculine and feminine, -I for plural masculine and feminine )

    Example:
    "Intelligente, intelligenti."

  • Adjectives with 1 exit (also called 'invariabili': they don't change the gender or the number)

    Example:
    "Blu, viola, pari, dispari ..."

In Italian adjectives are distinguished in:

  • descriptive adjectives (indicate a quality of the noun)

    Example:
    "Marco intelligente."

  • determined adjectives (indicate a relation of place, time, possession or quantity)

    Example:
    "La mia casa."

Go to: adjectives_ao > adjectives_e > invariable > types

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