SYNTAX ELEMENTS OF THE SENTENCE
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A period is a group of sentences more or less complex.
In general the period has origin from a sentence that can exist alone and has a complete meaning.
This sentence is called independent sentence (or independent clause) if it's alone, main clause if it's with others.
Marco parla con Antonio.
To this independent sentence we can add others that enrich the meanings of the speech.
Prima di andare a lavorare, Marco parla con Antonio, perché vorrebbe fissare un appuntamento per andare
al cinema e per bere qualcosa insieme.
In this example there are 4 new sentences added to the main one.
These new sentences have different forms, times and moods of the verb, meanings and hierarchical relations.
For the form the sentences can be:
(when the form of the verb expresses the person of the subject)
(when the form of the verb doesn't express the person of the subject)
For the hierarchical relations they can be:
(when they have the same hierarchical importance)
(when they have a less hierarchical importance in relation to the supporting sentence)
For the meaning sentences can have many different forms that will be analyzed inside the hierarchical kind of sentence (co-ordinate or subordinating).
For mood and time sentences follow a general rule called concordance of times and moods.
Go to: coordinated > concordance > conjunctions > indirect_speech > implicit_forms > subordinate_clauses
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