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SYNTAX ELEMENTS OF THE SENTENCE

You are here: syntax > period

A period is a group of sentences more or less complex.
In general the period has origin from a sentence that can exist alone and has a complete meaning. This sentence is called independent sentence (or independent clause) if it's alone, main clause if it's with others.

Example:
" Marco parla con Antonio. "

To this independent sentence we can add others that enrich the meanings of the speech.

Example:
" Prima di andare a lavorare, Marco parla con Antonio, perché vorrebbe fissare un appuntamento per andare al cinema e per bere qualcosa insieme. "

In this example there are 4 new sentences added to the main one. These new sentences have different forms, times and moods of the verb, meanings and hierarchical relations.

For the form the sentences can be:

  • explicit  (when the form of the verb expresses the person of the subject)
  • implicit  (when the form of the verb doesn't express the person of the subject)

For the hierarchical relations they can be:

  • co-ordinate  (when they have the same hierarchical importance)
  • subordinating  (when they have a less hierarchical importance in relation to the supporting sentence)

Note:
For the meaning sentences can have many different forms that will be analyzed inside the hierarchical kind of sentence (co-ordinate or subordinating).

Note:
For mood and time sentences follow a general rule called concordance of times and moods.

Go to: coordinated > concordance > conjunctions > indirect_speech > implicit_forms > subordinate_clauses

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